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Redistricting

Redistricting Information

Due to changes in population as seen in the 2020 Census data release, there will be boundary changes to the existing City of Peoria Council Districts. The boundary changes require nearly equal districts based on the most recent Census population data (City of Peoria – Total Population – 113,150).  For five districts, the goal of each district is 22,630 people with a maximum deviation of 5% [21,498 to 23,761].

To reach the goal of 22,630 people per Council District:

  • the 1st District needs to expand by 3,938 people
  • the 2nd District needs to grow by 1,555 people
  • the 3rd District needs to grow by 1,113 people
  • the 4th District needs to contract by 1,329 people
  • the 5th District needs to contract by 5,568 people

The City of Peoria has formed a Redistricting Committee comprised of the District & At-Large Council Members and chaired by Mayor Ali (also called a Committee as a Whole). The Committee is charged with facilitating a public process for drafting changes to the Council Districts and making a recommendation to the City Council for boundary changes that meet these criteria:

  • Nearly equal population
  • Compact
  • Contiguous
  • Respect for geographical boundaries, political subdivisions, or communities with actual shared interests
  • Preservation of incumbent districts

The Committee will hold a series of policy meetings to provide opportunities for the public to participate in the process of redistricting and decide on the final district boundary layout. The first meeting will be held remotely on Tuesday, January 18, 2022.  All meetings will begin at 6:00 PM.

Scheduled Policy Meetings

Redistricting Timeline & Documents

The links below will open in new windows or a pdf document will download

Interactive Mapping Site

Please click on the link below to open the map in a new window.

City of Peoria Redistricting Web Map

Tips to navigate the map:
1) Click on the layer symbol to get the choice of maps to view

layers

1) Clicking on the layer symbol will provide you with these options

layer list

3)  Use the address search bar (upper left) to enter specific addresses 
address

Comment Information

If you would like to provide public comment, please email the City Clerk at starr@peoriagov.org

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the City’s current form of government?

The City of Peoria’s current form of government consists of one Mayor; 5 District Council Members, each representing one of five Council Districts; and 5 At-Large Council Members, each representing the City as a whole. The terms are staggered so that the At-Large Council Members are elected at one time and the District Council Members and the Mayor are elected at the next election.

What is the City’s current method of election?

The method of election is different for the type of Council Member. Each is elected for a four-year term. The last election was in 2019 for the five At-Large Council Member positions, for terms that run from 2019 to 2023. The At-Large Council Members are elected by a cumulative voting process which allows the voter to distribute a total of five votes to one or up to five candidates.
The Mayor and District Council Members were elected in 2021 for terms that run from 2021 to 2025. The Mayor and District Council members are elected by a traditional one vote method; i.e., in each Council District, a voter is allowed to vote for one candidate for District Council Member, in addition to being allowed one vote for a candidate for Mayor.

Why is the City considering new Council Districts, redistricting?

The City is considering new Council Districts due to population changes that resulted from the 2020 Census. The U.S. Voting Rights Act and the 1987 lawsuit settlement, which affected the electoral structure, requires the five Council Districts to remain in place and the redistricting to take place following receipt of the census reports every ten years.
The boundary changes are required to have nearly equal districts based on the 2020 Census population data. For five districts, the goal of each district is 22,630 people with a maximum deviation of 5% [21,498 to 23,761]. To reach the goal of 22,630 people, the 1st District would need to expand by 3,938 people, the 2nd District would need to grow by 1,555 people, the 3rd District would need to grow by 1,113 people, the 4th District would need to contract by 1,329 people and the 5th District would need to contract by 5,568 people.

What action has the City taken place this year regarding redistricting?

The City Council, on December 14, 2021, appointed the City Council Committee as a Whole for the purpose of making a recommendation on boundaries for City Council Districts.

What criteria will be used to determine potential District boundaries?

    • Nearly equal in population
    • Compact
    • Contiguous
    • Respect for geographical boundaries, political subdivisions, or communities with actual shared interests
    • Preservation of incumbent districts

What is the lawsuit that everyone refers to regarding the number and method of election of Council Members?

The case is captioned Joyce Banks, et al. v City of Peoria and it was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of Illinois in 1987. The case number is 87-2371. The settlement was approved in November 1987.

Who decides the boundaries and numbers of Council Districts?

The City Council will make a decision on District boundaries.

Who decides on the method for electing Council and the form of government (number and type of Council Members)?

Any change in the method of election or the number of Council Districts must be done by referendum. The referendum question may be initiated by the City Council or by citizen petition. If the referendum question is initiated by the City Council, the City would seek approval of the Federal District Court to hold the referendum.

What are the options?

Proceed with five Districts and change the boundaries based on 2020 Census data.

How would the boundaries be changed?

The City of Peoria Redistricting Committee would make a recommendation to the Council on possible boundary changes, with the final decision made by the City Council. Potential boundaries would take into consideration the listed criteria. The City Council would pass an ordinance changing the boundaries.

What is the process to change the number of districts, method of electing, and/or the form of government (number and type of Council Members)?

By referendum

When is the next election for Council Members? Is it at large or district?

District Council Members will be elected in 2025.

What are the next steps in the Redistricting process?

Proceed with public meetings regarding 5 Council District boundary amendments.
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